A report on syntactic
interference of Thai numeral phrase structure to Vietnamese numeral phrase
structure spoken in Udon Thani province,
Udon Thani, a province in the northeastern of
Syntactic interference of Thai numeral phrase structure on Vietnamese numeral phrase structure has occurred when Vietnamese immigrants in Udon Thani province talk about the number of something. They unexpectedly re-order members of the Vietnamese numeral phrase structure followed the structure of Thai numeral phrase. For example, Vietnamese immigrants in Udon Thani province say; Con ơi! đưa cho mẹ cốc một cái nhé! ‘My son! give me a glass’, but the standard Vietnamese is; Con ơi! đưa cho mẹ một cái cốc nhé!
This phenomenon is a kind of interference called syntactic interference; it appears when patterns from language A carried over into language B or when patterns of language B are interpreted in term of patterns of language A (Ilse Lehiste: 1998, 15). This phenomenon can be occurred because of language contact with Uriel Weinreich calls “Interference in Grammatical Relations” in the type of “Order”.