Siriwong Hongsawan

Faculty of Liberal Arts, Ubon Ratchathani University




The Indirect Speech Act of Denying in Vietnamese Conversation


This study aims to analyze the indirect speech act of denying in Vietnamese conversation. This study relies on Speech Acts of Austin (1965) and Searle (1969). The Presupposition and Implication are also employed in this research, with a view toward the thinking process of native Vietnamese speakers which is reflected through its selections of Indirect Speech Act of Denying. The data are derived from documentary sources, and from Vietnamese students who are studying in Bachelor, Master and PhD Programs in Vietnamese Linguistics at the Faculty of Linguistics, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National UniversityHanoi, Vietnam.

An analysis of the data reveals that the indirect speech act of denying in conversation can be divided into 2 broad groups. These are those that think about (i) the thinking process through presupposition methods of which there are 3 sub-groups and (ii) the thinking process through implication methods of which there are 11 sub-groups.

The semantic sentence is used as a criterion for classifying the thinking process of Vietnamese people. This is the meaning of the Vietnamese word ‘understanding’. Influences on Vietnamese the thinking process derive from culture, society and from teaching methods by the family.



Austin, John L. 1965. How to Do Things with Words. New York: Oxford University Press.

Searle, John R. 1969. Speech Acts. Cambridge: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.