in Munda with special reference to the
objective of this paper is to find out how human and non-human goals are marked
in the Lower Munda languages as classified by S. Bhattacharya (1975), viz.
Remo, Gutob and Gta’ and compare it with that of Upper Munda languages,
especially Santali. There is clear distinction between human and non-human
goals in Santali. While the human goals are cross-referenced in the verb the
non-human goals are not. Cross-reference is done by the prefix ɑ- which is
added to the TAM markers. The non-human goals are marked in the sentence by a
postposition. When there are both patient and goal and both are human only the
goal is marked. This is more or less the usual practice of
the backdrop of the prevailing scenario an attempt has been made in the present
paper to look into the process of goal-marking in Munda with special emphasis
on the three extreme south Munda languages on the basis of a corpus of data
collected by the present researcher during July-August 2009. The field work is
done with a generous grant from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary
Bhattacharya, S. 1975 ‘Munda Studies: A new classification of Munda.’ Indo-Iranian Journal, v. xvii:1, pp.97-101.
Bhattacharya, Sudhibhushan, 1975 Studies in Comparative Munda linguistics. Simla: The Indian Institute of Advanced Study.
Ghosh, Arun, 2009 Field notes on Gutob, Remo and Gta’.