Rebecca Bequette, Todd Bequette
Functions of the determiner and relativizer, ʔi, in Bunong
Bunong is a
South Bahnaric language spoken in eastern
In 42% of its occurrences, ʔi immediately precedes a noun. Out of the total, 34% (407) precede a kinship or relational term, 2% (23) precede a body part, while 6% (67) precede other noun phrases. In these contexts, ʔi functions as a determiner. Before a kinship and relational term and a body part, ʔi marks inalienable possession. Preceding other noun phrases, ʔi marks contrast.
In 57% of its occurrences, ʔi is used to connect what follows to an antecedent. In this context, ʔi functions as a relativizer introducing a relativized construction. In 4% (52) of the occurrences, it connects a verbal clause and in 53% of these occurrences it connects a nonverbal clause. Within the set of nonverbal relative clauses, 1% (10) of the occurrences connect an attributive clause, 2% (20) of the occurrences connect an equative clause, and 50% (603) connect a locative clause. The disproportionately high number of occurrences of the locative construction indicates that these may have a special function.
In 1% (8) of the occurrences, ʔi is part of a vocative expression.
Bequette, Rebecca L. 2008. Participant reference, deixis, and anaphora in Bunong narrative discourse. Graduate Institute of Applied Linguistics, MA thesis.
Vogel, Sylvain. 2006. Introduction à la langue et aux dits traditionnels
des Phnong de Mondulkiri.